actions to structuring a technology paper editors takes seriously

actions to structuring a technology paper editors takes seriously

A practiced editor gives advice to have work posted in a worldwide journal

By Angel Borja, PhD Posted on 24 2014 Updated on 10 July 2019 june

Editor’s note: This 2014 post conveys the advice of a researcher sharing their experience and will not express Elsevier’s policy. Nevertheless, in reaction to your feedback, we worked with him to upgrade this post so that it reflects our techniques. As an example, we have worked extensively with researchers to raise visibility of non-English language research since it was published. – July 10, 2019

Upgrade: in reaction to your feedback, we’ve reinstated the first text it was revised so you can see how. – July 11, 2019

Simple tips to prepare a manuscript for international journals — Part 2

In this series that is monthly Dr. Angel Borja attracts on their substantial back ground as a writer, reviewer and editor to offer suggestions about planning the manuscript (author’s view), the assessment procedure (reviewer’s view) and exactly what there is certainly to hate or love in a paper (editor’s view).

This informative article could be the second within the show. The article that is first: „Six activities to do before writing your manuscript.“divider

The Writer

Dr. Angel Borja is Head of Projects at AZTI-Tecnalia, an extensive research center within the Basque nation in Spain focusing on marine research and meals technologies. Previously he was also Head regarding the Department of Oceanography and Head for the Marine Management company Area. Their primary subject of research is marine ecology, and has now published significantly more than 270 efforts, from where 150 have been in over 40 peer-reviewed journals, through their long job of 32 several years of research. During this time period he’s examined in numerous topics and ecosystem elements, having a sufficient and view that is multidisciplinary of research.

Read more about his work on ResearchGate, ORCID and LinkedIn, and follow him on Twitter (@AngelBorjaYerro).

When you organize your manuscript, the very first thing to think about is the fact that purchase of parts are going to be really unique of your order of products for you list.

A write-up starts because of the Title, Abstract and keyword phrases.

This article text follows the IMRAD format, which responds towards the relevant concerns below:

  • Introduction: What did you/others do? Why did it is done by you?
  • Techniques: exactly exactly How did you will do it?
  • Outcomes: exactly just What do you will find?
  • And
  • Discussion: exactly what does it all mean?

The text that is main accompanied by the final outcome, Acknowledgements, References and Supporting Materials.

While this may be the posted framework, nonetheless, we frequently make use of various order whenever writing.

Procedures to organizing your manuscript

  1. Prepare the numbers and tables.
  2. Write the strategy.
  3. Article the outcomes.
  4. Write the Discussion. Finalize the Results and Discussion before composing the introduction. The reason being, in the event that discussion is inadequate, how could you objectively show the systematic importance of your work with the introduction?
  5. Write a conclusion that is clear.
  6. Compose an introduction that is compelling.
  7. Write the Abstract.
  8. Write a descriptive and concise Title.
  9. Choose Keyword Phrases for indexing.
  10. Write the Acknowledgements.
  11. Jot down the Recommendations.

Then, I’ll review each step of the process in detail. But you should do that will set the groundwork for the entire process before you set out to write a paper, there are two important things.

  • The subject become examined must be the very first problem to be resolved. Determine your theory and goals (These goes in the Introduction.)
  • Review the literary works associated with this issue and choose some documents (about 30) that may be cited in your paper (These may be placed in the recommendations.)

Finally, keep in mind that each publisher features its own design instructions and choices, therefore consult the publisher always’s Guide for Authors.divider

Step one: Prepare the numbers and tables

Keep in mind that „a figure is really worth a thousand terms.“ Thus, pictures, including numbers and tables, will be the most way that is efficient provide your outcomes. Your computer data will be the driving force associated with paper, so that your pictures are critical!

How will you determine between presenting your computer data as tables or numbers? Generally speaking, tables supply the real results that are experimental while numbers tend to be utilized for evaluations of experimental results with those of past works, or with calculated/theoretical values (Figure 1).

Whatever your preference is, no pictures should replicate the information described somewhere else into the manuscript.

Another factor that is important figure and dining dining table legends needs to be self-explanatory (Figure 2).

Whenever presenting your tables and numbers, appearances count! For this end:

  • Avoid crowded plots (Figure 3), only using 3 or 4 information sets per figure; usage scales that are well-selected.
  • Think about appropriate axis label size
  • Include symbols that are clear information sets which can be simple to differentiate.
  • Never ever consist of long bland tables ( e.g., chemical compositions of emulsion systems or listings of types and abundances). They can be included by you as additional product.

Each must have a scale marker, or scale bar, of professional quality in one corner if you are using photographs.

In photographs and numbers, utilize color only once necessary whenever publishing up to a printing book. If different line designs can explain this is, avoid using colors or other thrilling effects or you’ll be faced with costly costs. Needless to say, this will not use to online journals. For a lot of journals, you are able to submit duplicate figures: one out of color for the version that is online of log and pdfs, and another in black colored and white for the hardcopy journal (Figure 4).

Another problem that is common the abuse of lines and histograms. Lines joining information just can be utilized whenever time that is presenting or consecutive examples information ( e.g., in a transect from coast to offshore in Figure 5). Nonetheless, when there is no connection between examples or there isn’t a gradient, you have to make use of histograms (Figure 5).

Often, fonts are way too little for the log. You need to simply simply take this under consideration, or they might be illegible to visitors (Figure 6).

Finally, you need to focus on making use of decimals, lines, etc. (Figure 7)

Action 2: Compose the techniques

This section reacts towards the relevant concern of how a issue had been examined. In case the paper is proposing a brand new technique, you will need to include detailed information so an educated audience can reproduce the test.

But, usually do not duplicate the information of founded techniques; usage sources and materials that are supporting suggest the formerly posted procedures. Broad summaries or key sources are adequate.